In the entertainment and media industries, clearing a property refers to the practice of securing permission to use copyrighted material or personal likeness, or researching a property to ensure that there are no ownership claims and disputes. This is a necessary step in reproducing or appropriating work such as photographs, songs, television clips, or names.
Companies that connect songwriters and composers to music supervisors and production companies often enlist the part-time help of music screeners to assist the A&R department in finding suitable compositions to fulfill the needs of entertainment industry clients.
In a small, dark closet of a production facility there sits a young man or woman who is well into hour 325 of Jersey Shore. This person is not the president of The Situation’s fan club, but a video logger whose job it is to watch and annotate the months’ worth of fist-pumping and binge-drinking recorded in order to produce a 13-episode season.
A bit of artfully applied paint can fool an audience into believing almost anything. Scenic painters are skilled in the art of deception and mimicry, transforming wood flats into a stylized Nile delta or a city square in 19th-century Seville.
The assistant to the casting director, or firm of multiple casting directors, is responsible for supporting the company’s operations through a number of administrative and secretarial tasks, as well as performing research and preparation for auditions.
Entertainment companies such as motion picture studios, television networks, and game development studios often hire third-party advertising agencies to put together ad packages including trailers, websites, and viral video campaigns to promote the release of a new product. Within these agencies, the advertising music assistant supports the larger staff of the music supervision department in administrative tasks.
The digital music revolution hit the marketplace and confounded some record labels and music publishers who were unprepared to deal with the resulting legal questions of copyright and ownership. Since then, music makers have pushed hard (often in court) to receive proper payment for their work that’s distributed through digital media, and music companies rely on a staff of licensing professionals to accurately determine rights, royalties, and usage.
Second assistant editors are only employed on high-budget productions that require a large post-production staff. These technicians aid the first assistant editor (also called the assistant editor) and the picture editor, and may be tasked with supervising interns or trainees in addition to tasks delegated by the assistant editor.
Royalties, in the music industry, are fees paid to a recording artist or band for the use of their music. The royalty administrator for a record label or performing rights organization will have numerous responsibilities, the majority of which relate to maintaining and updating the artist database and reviewing sales and airplay data.
A mechanical license gives the licensee the permission to create copies of a song, either by re-recording the song with another artist or by printing sheet music of the composition and lyrics. Permission is obtained through an agreement with the copyright holder, which is the songwriter or the music publisher to whom the writer has assigned publishing rights.